Charles, along with Gustavus Adolphus, was one of Sweden’s most important monarchs in the Seventeenth Century. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Charles IX, (born Oct. 4, 1550, Stockholm—died Oct. 30, 1611, Nyköping, Swed. He was married to Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, who bore his son and successor, Charles XI. In 1680, the Table of Ranks was introduced. In his early childhood, raised in the Swedish court alongside his cousin Queen Christina, he received an excellent civil education. Charles was, however, described as close to his brother Gustav during their childhood. Search. The crown was better off during this time as a result of revenue from foreign subsidies, but this dependence of foreign money soon backfired. However, Charles was more interested in a policy of neutrality when it came to foreign affairs. Charles XII, (born June 17, 1682, Stockholm—died Nov. 30, 1718, Fredrikshald, Nor. Charles XV of Sweden (1826–1872), king Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (born 1946), king (actually never called Charles ) Charles Philip, Duke of Södermanland (1601-1622), prince and duke Brandenburg and Russia, together with such older states as Denmark and Poland, were natural enemies of Sweden. In foreign affairs Charles and his principal advisers saw a balance of power among France, the Holy Roman Empire, the Netherlands, and England as the best protection for Swedish interests. 11 The maturing of Charles XPs foreign policies 201 12 The last years of the reign 213 13 The absolutism of Charles XI 251 Bibliography 262 Index 273 Vll ... Map of Sweden in the reign of Charles XI page xxiv The royal family in 1683, by D. K. Ehrenstrahl. Charles was educated under the guidance of the Queen Mother. Charles was more concerned with his own power in Sweden. In 1772 he cooperated in the revolutionary plans of his elder brother, King Gustav III of Swedenand as a sign of recognition, was appo… Read more. The shot struck the left side of his skull and exited from the right. At the start of Karl XII's reign, Sweden was a large empire that had vast holdings in the Baltic States and Germany. Descubre (y guarda) tus propios Pines en Pinterest. Charles XIII, Swedish Karl, or Carl, (born Oct. 7, 1748, Stockholm—died Feb. 5, 1818, Stockholm), king of Sweden from 1809 and, from 1814 to 1818, first king of the union of Sweden and Norway (called Karl II in Norway). Gustav (1587–1587) Maria (1588–1589) Charles XI was king of Sweden from 1660 to 1697. In 1680, the Riksrag (which represented the lesser classes in Sweden’s government) declared that Charles was no longer bound by the decisions of the Rad. Reportedly he was not very close to his mother. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Although Charles came of age in 1672, the regents continued to control foreign policy; they drew Sweden into the Dutch War of 1672–78 at the behest of King Louis XIV of France, with whom they had signed a treaty of alliance. Click to read more about History of Charles XII, King of Sweden by Voltaire. ), was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. Charles II, byname The Merry Monarch, (born May 29, 1630, London—died February 6, 1685, London), king of Great Britain and Ireland (1660–85), who was restored to the throne after years of exile during the Puritan Commonwealth. When Charles XII was absent for 15 years due to the Great Northern War, the civil service adequately ran Sweden. However, although he was also skilled as a politician, he was reluctant in making peace. Carl II, in Swedish Karl Knutsson (Bonde) and in English alternately referred to as Charles, was born in 1408 or 1409 and was King of Sweden three times, from 1448-1457, 1464-1465 and from 1467 till his death in 1470. He was the second son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, sister of Frederick the Great. He was the son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Catherine of Sweden. Such power threatened his status as king.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-1','ezslot_19',115,'0','0'])); Charles was a very hard working man and lead a life of self-denial. Charles defeated the Danes at Lund in December 1676 and then set about making peace with Denmark. Private Collection. Probeer meer algemene woorden. Charles XIV John (Swedish and Norwegian: Karl XIV Johan; born Jean Bernadotte; 26 January 1763 – 8 March 1844) from 1818 until his death was King of Sweden and Norway.In modern Norwegian lists of kings he is called Charles III John.He was the first monarch of the Bernadotte dynasty. 1902. This made promotion dependent on service and merit rather than birth. Their children were: Margareta Elisabeth (1580–1585) Elisabeth Sabina (1582–1585) Louis (1583–1583) Catherine (1584–1638), married a prince of the Palatinate Zweibrücken, becoming mother of Charles X Gustav. This file has been superseded by File:Karl XI, 1655-1697, konung av Sverige (David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl) - Nationalmuseum - 15129.tif.It is recommended to use the other file. 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